Interesting facts & trivia about Jaipur. Information on history, culture and monuments of Jaipur.

Jaipur Facts

Jaipur, the largest city and the capital of Rajasthan, is also referred to as Pink City. Built by Sawai Jai Singh, this place was India's first planned city. With spectacular hilltops and stunning fortresses, Jaipur has become a major tourist attraction among both national and international tourists. This royal city captivates travellers as it is known for its rich culture and tradition, magnificent art and artefacts, and brilliant past. The serene temples, the long standing forts and palaces, and beautiful havelis with royal touch to them; add on to the glory of Jaipur. Wonderful landscapes, marvellous flora and fauna, picturesque views; all together create a mesmerising view of this place. Only forts and monuments aren't the attractions of this pink city, the intricate handicraft items and exquisite jewellery also catch the eyeballs of tourists. There are many interesting facts about this place that are not known to most of the people. How about getting a hang of them, they might help you in exploring this royal place Jaipur in a better way. Mentioned below are some of the facts for your ready reference.

State: Rajasthan
Official Language: Rajasthani
Other Languages Spoken: English, Hindi, Marwari
Area: 11117.8
Altitude: 431 m above sea level
Temperature in summers: (March to June) 45 oC (Max), 25 oC (Min)
Temperature in winters: (November-February) 22oC (Max), 5 oC (Min)
Rainfall: 650 mm
Monsoon: July-September
Season: Semi-arid, warm throughout the year.
Religions: Hindu, Islam, Christians, Sikhs, Jains
Educational Institutes:

University of Rajasthan; Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur; LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur (Deemed University)

Best Time to visit: October to March
Main Attractions: Forts, Palaces, Gardens, Museums, Temples, Monuments,
Population: 6,663,971 (Census of India, 2011)
STD Code: 0141

Interesting Facts About Jaipur
  • Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II is known to have founded the city of Jaipur on 18th November 1727.
  • Jaipur is touted as the first planned city of India. It was planned by a Bengali architect named Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya by following the principles of Shilpa Shastra (the science of Indian architecture).
  • Vedic planning for the comfort and prosperity of the citizens, or better known as Vastu Shastra, has also been incorporated in the planning.
  • This largest city is Rajasthan is also famous as the “Pink City”. It is so because in 1876, the city was painted with terracotta pink colour in grand welcome of the Prince of Wales. Since then the name has not only stuck, but has given the city a unique identity.
  • Between 1727 and 1734, Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed five astronomical observatories or Jantar Mantars. These structures with their amazing combinations of geometric forms at large scale have captivated artists, historians and architects. The largest out of five Jantar Mantars is in Jaipur.
  • Central Museum, located in the centre of the Ram Niwas Bagh, is the oldest museum of Jaipur.
  • Gaitore, based on the Jaipur Amber Road; about 15 km from Jaipur is a royal cremation site of rulers of Jaipur.
  • Sambhar, located at a distance of 60 km from Jaipur is famous for being the largest saline lake in India.